Under Article 32 et seq. of the Criminal Justice Authorities Act (CJAA, SR 173.71), the Federal Criminal Court shall be based in Bellinzona and shall be comprised of one or several criminal chambers, one or several lower appeals chambers and an higher appeals chamber. It shall also have a General Secretariat. By law, the FCC has the following management bodies: the Plenary Assembly, the President of Court and the Administrative Commission. The FCC currently employs 80 staff, including 22 judges.
The Higher Appeals Chamber specifically has 5 tenured federal judges, 10 adjunct federal judges and 10 employs.